A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure a woman has to remove all or part of the uterus. The hysterectomy is a serious procedure, but it is a common surgery. There are many different reasons why a woman might have a hysterectomy. Here are the most common reasons.
- Gynecologic cancer
Approximately 10% of hysterectomies are performed because of some form of cancer. Women who have cervical cancer, leiomyosarcoma, cancer of the bladder or colon that has spread to the uterus, ovarian or tubal carcinoma, uterine sarcoma, or gestational trophoblastic disease may require a hysterectomy. To determine whether or not a woman is an ideal candidate for a hysterectomy, physicians will consider the stage of the cancer, the woman’s overall health, and the woman’s age and desire for pregnancies in the future.
- Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
If a woman has been evaluated for excessive bleeding and it has been found to have no specific genital tract causes, a hysterectomy may be considered. Women who have not been evaluated for major causes of bleeding should not have hysterectomies. In this case, a hysterectomy is only an option for profuse bleeding without medical causes and only after medical attempts to make the bleeding cease have failed.
If a woman who has endometriosis has not been able to obtain pain relief by any other means, a hysterectomy may be considered. When a hysterectomy for endometriosis is performed, this may be to correct an obstruction of the intestinal or urinary tract, major adherence to the pelvic organs, or major involvement of the pelvic organs.
- Uterine prolapse
Uterine prolapse can cause urine blockage or loss as well as problems with bowel movements. In this case, a hysterectomy may be performed if prolapse has caused a protrusion outside of the body, major bladder or bowel symptoms. A hysterectomy for this condition will be performed when the woman has an incredibly decreased quality of life. This is typically after treatments such as pessaries, surgeries that reposition the uterus, and urinary balloons have been tried.
This is the most common condition aside from cancer for hysterectomies. Many women have fibroids, and not all of them will warrant a hysterectomy. If a woman’s fibroids are causing bleeding, childbearing problems, and severe pain and pressure, a hysterectomy may be considered. A hysterectomy for fibroids may be performed if a woman is having rapid growth of fibroids, severe anemia, uncontrolled bleeding, and severe pain.
A hysterectomy is a serious procedure that many different women will have to undergo at some point. There are many different reasons why a woman may need to have a hysterectomy. If you think a hysterectomy would be appropriate for your condition, be sure to consult your physician so that he or she can inform you of the best course of action in your unique situation. If you do need a hysterectomy, you are definitely not alone. Talk to your physician, and he or she will be able to help you determine whether or not you are an ideal candidate for a hysterectomy.
To learn more about hysterectomies, visit Complete Women Care.